Category Archives: Fatty Liver Disease

CONTAMINANTS IN FOODS… NOT TO WORRY? Vol. 1 No. 71


© Copyright 2010 CorbisCorporationGlobal food production has become the mainstay of providing food for the masses. The food supply chain is so complex it may now be considered a supply web. Protecting citizens from health risks due to chemical contaminants is a gargantuan task at best.

“The new globalized food supply contrasts sharply with the landscape of previous generations when many foods were grown, manufactured, and distributed within a local area.” (Lipp & Chase, 2015) If there were any food problems, it would be confined to a more manageable geographical area.

The weary citizen is more concerned today than ever before about what they buy and demands more information about its effect on their health. An all-consuming fear has developed concerning chemical contaminants in the food supply. This fear is exacerbated by misinformation disseminated by unreliable and unscrupulous sources.

Markus Lipp, PhD
Markus Lipp, Ph.D.

“Fortunately, available data suggest that many unregulated contaminants have a negligible effect on human health. In these cases, enacting limits would not protect consumers but would create unnecessary regulatory burden, making food more expensive but not safer, said Markus Lipp, Ph.D., former senior director of food standards at U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) and currently senior food safety officer, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN). Lipp and other experts—toxicologists, food scientists, and regulators—spoke at the “Chemical Contaminants in Foods Workshop—Risk-Based Approaches to Protect Public Health,” held at USP headquarters in Rockville, Md., in November 2014. (Lipp & Chase, 2015)

Dr. Claire Kruger is President of Spherix Consulting
Dr. Claire Kruger is President of Spherix Consulting

Claire L. Kruger, Ph.D., a toxicologist and president of Spherix Consulting, Inc. said,”No food is completely safe. Even water can kill you if you drink too much; everything we eat comes in shades of gray, not black, or white, with regard to safety. Foods actually possess degrees of harmfulness because all foods have the potential to cause harm. Potatoes normally contain natural toxins called glycoalkaloids in small amounts that pose no health risk, but during prolonged storage, potatoes can generate higher glycoalkaloid levels that can cause neurologic effects. Another substance, acrylamide, is formed in many foods during baking and frying, and it always has—it is nothing new—but regulators are investigating its health effects.” (Lipp & Chase, 2015)

Henry Chin PhD Independent expert in Food Safety, Food Chemistry and Composition, Crisis Management and Risk Management
Henry Chin Ph.D. Independent expert in Food Safety, Food Chemistry and Composition, Crisis Management and Risk Management

“In 2011, news broke that arsenic had been detected in apple juice, and consumers were alarmed. Many people think of arsenic as a poison, and it certainly can act as a lethal poison. Yet arsenic is also a chemical element that occurs naturally in water and soil and does not harm people if the amount ingested is sufficiently low, said Henry Chin, Ph.D., Henry Chin and Associates and a member of the USP Food Ingredients Intentional Adulterants Expert Panel.” (Lipp & Chase, 2015)

In addition, what is the media’s role in the communication of risk and risk assessment concerning the food supply? Apparently in the media’s pell-mell rush to press accuracy and thoroughness are brushed aside in favor of timeliness and sensationalism. New studies are taken at face value with little or no support from previous studies either pro or con.

Fellow travelers should take note and consider the source of information reserving judgment until all the facts are presented. It is unfortunate that the majority of the population has a knee-jerk response to any alarmist media release about contaminants in food. A knee-jerk response only opens the door to suspiciousness and frustration as to what to eat next. “Consumers routinely turn to self-proclaimed “experts” for guidance about what to eat and what to avoid. These sources are often biased by profit motive—they are selling something—but even if not, they typically provide misinformation because they lack the knowledge, credentials, and judgment needed to provide accurate, useful advice.” (Lipp & Chase, 2015)

“Although health risks from food contaminants will never disappear completely, that is not the goal, and it is also not necessary. The dose makes the poison, and if the dose is kept at a safe level, the risk to human health is negligible, or even nonexistent. The key for public health is not to have a zero tolerance for contaminants, but rather to keep contaminants within tolerable, safe limits. Perhaps the ultimate goal is two-fold: Safe food and peace of mind from trusting that our food is safe.” (Lipp & Chase, 2015)

Lipp, M., & Chase, C. G. (2015, November Volume 69, Number 11). Chemical Contaminants in Foods: Health Risks and Public Perception. Retrieved November 19, 2015, from IFT – Feeding the Minds that Feed the World: http://www.ift.org/food-technology/past-issues/2015/november/features/chemical-contaminants.aspx?page=viewall

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fast food and fatty liver disease, neck circumference equals fatty liver Vol. 1 No. 67


 

Captain Hank Quinlan, Owner and Publisher, Chief Curmudgeon
Captain Hank Quinlan, Owner, and Publisher, Chief Curmudgeon with Sam Borsalino, Assistant Publisher

Dear Hail-Fellows well met, “The Fat Bastard Gazette” is written and edited by your favorite curmudgeons Captain Hank Quinlan and

Flatfoot Willie, Corespondent at Large with fellow Staff Writers
Flatfoot Willie, Correspondent at Large with fellow Staff Writers

Staff (monkeys in the back room). We offer an ongoing tirade to support or offend anyone of any large dimension, cultural background, religious affiliation, or color of skin. This gazette rails against an eclectic mix of circus ring ne’er do wells, big ring fatty and fatso whiners, congenital idiots, the usual motley assortment of the profoundly dumbfounded, and a favorite of intelligent men everywhere, the

May the Most Venerable H. L. Mencken bless our unworthy but earnest attempts at tongue in cheek jocularity .
May the Most Venerable H. L. Mencken bless our unworthy but earnest attempts at tongue in cheek jocularity.

“Great Booboisie.” Nor shall we ignore the wide assortment of shirkers, layabouts, and slugabeds.

Latest office staff confab at Fat Bastard HQ.
Latest office staff confab at Fat Bastard HQ.

All this and more always keeping our major focus on “Why so fat?”  Enough said? We at “The Fat Bastard Gazette” think so. If you like what you read, and you know whom you are, in this yellow blog, tell your friends. We would be elated with an ever-wider readership. We remain cordially yours, Captain Hank Quinlan and the Monkeys in the back room

“The Fat Bastard Gazette” does not purport to offer any definitive medical or pharmaceutical advice whatsoever in any explicit or implied manner. Always consult a qualified physician in all medical or pharmaceutical matters. “The Fat Bastard Gazette” is only the opinion of informed nonprofessionals for the general edification and entertainment of the greater public. 

No similarities to any existing names or characters are expressed or implied. We reserve the right to offend or support anybody, anything, or any sacred totem across the globe.

 

GET UP AND OFF YOUR KEISTER OR SUFFER THE CONSEQUENCES! VOL. 1 NO. 62


The number one fatboy of North Korea, Dr. Kim Jong Un
The number one fatboy of North Korea, Dr. Kim Jong Un

Sustained sitting time in the chair and decreased physical activity further the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a study of middle-aged Koreans. This evidence supports the importance of decreasing time spent sitting and increasing physical activity, says researchers. The results are published in the Journal of Hepatology. 

Physical activity is known to decrease the prevalence and mortality of various chronic diseases. This underscores the fact that one-half of the average person’s waking day is comprised of sedentary activities connected with prolonged sitting such as watching TV, using a computer and other devices.

No lack of activity here
No lack of activity here

Of late, attention has focused on the damaging effects of sedentary behavior in spite of additional physical activity. A growing number of epidemiologic[i] studies have suggested a connection between sedentary behavior and chronic diseases. These include obesity, diabetes, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and even death that are clearly different from those related to a lack of physical activity. This connection was seen among individuals participating in high levels of average to energetic physical activity. This association indicates frequent physical activity does not fully protect against the risks found with prolonged periods of sedentary behaviors. The connection between physical activity and NAFLD has been largely unexamined.

Just another sterling example of a cute pair of slugabeds and layabouts enjoying what is left of their marginal health
Just another sterling example of a cute pair of slugabeds and layabouts enjoying what is left of their marginal health.

“In the current study researchers examined the association of sitting time and physical activity level with NAFLD in Korean men and women to explore whether any observed associations was related to the amount of body fat. They studied records of nearly 140,000 Koreans who underwent a health examination between March 2011 and December 2013. Physical activity level and sitting time were assessed using the Korean version of the international Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form. The presence of fatty liver was determined using ultrasonography” (Elsevier, 2015).

Of the people studied, nearly 40,000 had NAFLD. Significantly, the investigators discovered that sustained sitting time and lack of physical activity were independently connected with increasing frequency of NAFLD. Worth noting, these connections were also seen in individuals with a body mass index (BMI) of less than 23[ii].

Seung-Ho Ryu (Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea)
Seung-Ho Ryu (Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea)

Lead researcher Seungho Ryu, PhD, MD, of the Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea, explained, “We found that prolonged sitting time and decreased physical activity level were positively associated with the prevalence of NAFLD in a large sample of middle-aged Koreans.” Co-author

Yoosoo Chang, MD, PhD
Yoosoo Chang, MD, PhD

Yoosoo Chang, MD, Ph.D., added; “Our findings suggest that both increasing participation in physical activity and reducing sitting time may be independently important in reducing the risk of NAFLD, and underlines the importance of reducing time spent sitting in addition to promoting physical activity.”

Michael I. Trenell, PhD, Professor of Metabolism & Lifestyle Medicine at Newcastle University, UK
Michael I. Trenell, Ph.D., Professor of Metabolism & Lifestyle Medicine at Newcastle University, UK

“The data from Ryu and colleagues add to the strong and alarming evidence that sitting too much and moving too little has significant negative consequences for cardio-metabolic health,” said Michael I. Trenell, PhD, Professor of Metabolism & Lifestyle Medicine at Newcastle University, UK, and an authority on how lifestyle affects lifelong health, wellbeing, and chronic disease.

“The message is clear; our chairs are slowly but surely killing us. Our body is designed to move and it is not surprising that sedentary behavior, characterized by low muscle activity, has a direct impact on physiology[iii].

With a dearth of approved drug therapies for NAFLD, lifestyle changes remain the cornerstone of clinical care. The challenge for us now is to ‘stand up’ and move for NAFLD, both physically and metaphorically,” Professor Trenell added.

Dear readers, if you have read this far, the Captain would be most heartened if you would rate this and future articles and/or leave a comment at the top of the blog posts whether positive or negative. In this way, “The Fat Bastard Gazette” may better serve you and our entire readership.


[i] Epidemiologic, adj. epidemiology the formal study of health event patterns in a population, their causes, and means of prevention.

[ii] A body mass index of 23 represents an individual of average build and average weight

[iii]Physiology aims to understand the mechanisms of living – how living things work. Human physiology studies how our cells, muscles, and organs work together.

 

Elsevier. (2015, September 15). “Our Chairs Are Killing Us,” Say Researchers. Retrieved September 16, 2015, from Journal of Hepatology: http://www.journal-of-hepatology.eu/pb/assets/raw/Health%20Advance/journals/jhepat/JHEPNov15PRRyuFINAL.pdf

Ryu, S., & Chang, Y. (2015, August 19). Sedentary behaviour, physical activity, and NAFLD: Curse of the chair, Full text corrected proof. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2015.08.009

 

Captain Hank Quinlan, Owner and Publisher, Chief Curmudgeon
Captain Hank Quinlan, Owner, and Publisher, Chief Curmudgeon with Sam Borsalino, Assistant Publisher

Dear Hail-Fellows well met, “The Fat Bastard Gazette” is written and edited by your favorite curmudgeons Captain Hank Quinlan and

Flatfoot Willie, Corespondent at Large with fellow Staff Writers
Flatfoot Willie, Correspondent at Large with fellow Staff Writers

Staff (monkeys in the back room). We offer an ongoing tirade to support or offend anyone of any large dimension, cultural background, religious affiliation, or color of skin. This gazette rails against an eclectic mix of circus ring ne’er do wells, big ring fatty and fatso whiners, congenital idiots, the usual motley assortment of the profoundly dumbfounded, and a favorite of intelligent men everywhere, the

May the Most Venerable H. L. Mencken bless our unworthy but earnest attempts at tongue in cheek jocularity .
May the Most Venerable H. L. Mencken bless our unworthy but earnest attempts at tongue in cheek jocularity.

“Great Booboisie.” Nor shall we ignore the wide assortment of shirkers, layabouts, and slugabeds.

Latest office staff confab at Fat Bastard HQ.
Latest office staff confab at Fat Bastard HQ.

All this and more always keeping our major focus on “Why so fat?”  Enough said? We at “The Fat Bastard Gazette” think so. If you like what you read, and you know whom you are, in this yellow blog, tell your friends. We would be elated with an ever-wider readership. We remain cordially yours, Captain Hank Quinlan and the Monkeys in the back room

“The Fat Bastard Gazette” does not purport to offer any definitive medical or pharmaceutical advice whatsoever in any explicit or implied manner. Always consult a qualified physician in all medical or pharmaceutical matters. “The Fat Bastard Gazette” is only the opinion of informed nonprofessionals for the general edification and entertainment of the greater public. 

No similarities to any existing names or characters are expressed or implied. We reserve the right to offend or support anybody, anything, or any sacred totem across the globe.

GOBBLE, GOBBLE, THANKSGIVING EDITION Vol. 1 No. 57


Gobble, gobble, Happy Thanksgiving and happy holidays to you all. ‘Tis the season of overindulgence with the end effect of becoming an overfed slugabed or layabout.

Fellow travelers, are you one of the millions sitting at your desk or walking around with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and are not even aware of it? Overdoing food and alcohol during this holiday season could make the condition worse leading straight to a heart disease and/or liver failure.

Dr. Howard Monsour, chief of hepatology at Houston Methodist Hospital
Dr. Howard Monsour, chief of hepatology at Houston Methodist Hospital.

“Data has shown that nearly 30 million Americans have NAFLD. Many times it is missed until the person’s liver enzyme levels are high,” said Dr. Howard Monsour, chief of hepatology at Houston Methodist Hospital. “Patients can die from a heart attack or cirrhosis of the liver. It’s a serious condition that we have to get under control quickly in this country.” (Kovacik, 2015)

livThe nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is an accumulation of fat deposits inside the liver cells. Alcohol, drugs, obesity, lipid disorders and diabetes can all contribute to this disease. Moreover, many individuals with this condition suffer from Metabolic Syndrome, a group of factors, which include a large waist size (men greater than 40 inches, women greater than 35 inches), high blood pressure, high triglyceride levels, and insulin resistance that heighten the risk of heart attack, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

Over a period, an individual could experience fatigue, weakness, and loss of appetite. Some individuals may develop pain in the center or right upper part of the belly. The symptoms might get worse after heavy drinking.

“However, much like type 2 diabetes, NAFLD can be cured with proper diet and exercise,” Monsour said. “If you lose 12 percent of your current weight, no matter how much you weigh, you can eliminate fat from your liver.” (Kovacik, 2015)

Dr. Monsour continues by saying that hearty exercise: as weight lifting, swimming, running or aerobics, between 75 and 150 minutes a week with a high rate of 120 or above during the holiday season and beyond will help with this problem. He also suggests that eating fruits and vegetables as a snack before attending a family function or holiday party will help you feel full and just might keep you away from foods high in fat.

fatty-liver-cirrhosisIt should be noted that between five and 20% of people with fatty liver would develop serious liver disease. Whether or not one develops cirrhosis, fibrosis or liver cancer depends on whether the person has inflammation in the liver caused by the fat resulting in an inflammatory response called steatohepatitis. Many times but not always, this causes an increase in liver enzymes on routine blood tests.

“The key is to catch it early and man times it may not be discovered until a routine checkup,” Monsour said. “If you start to experience symptoms, see a doctor as soon as you can. Letting it go without evaluation can lead to a very difficult, unhealthy life.”

Dear readers, if you have read this far, the Captain would be most heartened if you would rate this and future articles and/or leave a comment at the top of the blog posts whether positive or negative. In this way, “The Fat Bastard Gazette” may better serve you and our entire readership.

 

 

Kovacik, G. (2015, November 16). People Unaware of Fatty Liver Disease Could Make the Problem Worse with Holiday Overindulgence. Retrieved November 16, 2015, from HUSTON Methodist LEADING MEDICINE: http://www.newswise.com/articles/people-unaware-of-fatty-liver-disease-could-make-the-problem-worse-with-holiday-overindulgence

 


 

 

Captain Hank Quinlan, Owner and Publisher, Chief Curmudgeon
Captain Hank Quinlan, Owner, and Publisher, Chief Curmudgeon with Sam Borsalino, Assistant Publisher

Dear Hail-Fellows well met, “The Fat Bastard Gazette” is written and edited by your favorite curmudgeons Captain Hank Quinlan and

Flatfoot Willie, Corespondent at Large with fellow Staff Writers
Flatfoot Willie, Correspondent at Large with fellow Staff Writers

Staff (monkeys in the back room). We offer an ongoing tirade to support or offend anyone of any large dimension, cultural background, religious affiliation, or color of skin. This gazette rails against an eclectic mix of circus ring ne’er do wells, big ring fatty and fatso whiners, congenital idiots, the usual motley assortment of the profoundly dumbfounded, and a favorite of intelligent men everywhere, the

May the Most Venerable H. L. Mencken bless our unworthy but earnest attempts at tongue in cheek jocularity .
May the Most Venerable H. L. Mencken bless our unworthy but earnest attempts at tongue in cheek jocularity.

“Great Booboisie.” Nor shall we ignore the wide assortment of shirkers, layabouts, and slugabeds.

Latest office staff confab at Fat Bastard HQ.
Latest office staff confab at Fat Bastard HQ.

All this and more always keeping our major focus on “Why so fat?”  Enough said? We at “The Fat Bastard Gazette” think so. If you like what you read, and you know whom you are, in this yellow blog, tell your friends. We would be elated with an ever-wider readership. We remain cordially yours, Captain Hank Quinlan and the Monkeys in the back room

“The Fat Bastard Gazette” does not purport to offer any definitive medical or pharmaceutical advice whatsoever in any explicit or implied manner. Always consult a qualified physician in all medical or pharmaceutical matters. “The Fat Bastard Gazette” is only the opinion of informed nonprofessionals for the general edification and entertainment of the greater public. 

No similarities to any existing names or characters are expressed or implied. We reserve the right to offend or support anybody, anything, or any sacred totem across the globe.